Spring 2002 Courses

Listed below are the courses the Department offered in the Spring 2002 quarter.

The Registrar's office has up to date scheduling information for all University of Chicago graduate and undergraduate courses.

College students may only enroll in courses whose first number is 2. Graduate students may only enroll in courses whose first number is 3 or higher.

Spring Courses

20700. Aristotle and the Stoics. This course focuses primarily upon the ethical philosophy of Aristotle and the Stoics, with attention to both the historical context and the contemporary relevance of their ideas. Topics to be discussed include: virtue, emotion, friendship, success, tragedy, detachment, the nature of value, and the purpose of philosophy. R. Furtak. Spring.

20900. Debates on Science in the 19th Century (=HiPSS XXX). In 19th century Britain there was an important debate about scientific method---especially over the nature and appropriate uses of inductive reasoning. Major participants in this debate include John Herschel, J.S. Mill, and William Whewell. All three claimed to be carrying on the legacy of Francis Bacon, and yet each developed a different view of inductive science. In this class we will explore the issues raised by this debate, such as the following. How was Bacon interpreted by 19th century readers? To what extent was his view considered the correct characterization of scientific method? Why were Herschel, Mill and Whewell so eager to call themselves Bacon's heirs, and how could they each do so while using Bacon's work to develop conflicting views of inductive science? We will start by reading Bacon himself, and then the works of his self-proclaimed followers. L. Snyder. Spring. (II)

23400. Philosophy of Mind and Science Fiction (=GSHU 23000, HIPS 254). Could computers be conscious? Might they be affected by changes in size or time scale, hardware, development, social, cultural, or ecological factors? Does our form of life constrain our ability to visualize or detect alternative forms of order, life, or mentality, or to interpret them correctly? How do assumptions of consciousness affect how we study and relate to other beings? This course examines issues in philosophy of mind raised by recent progress in biology, psychology, and simulations of life and intelligence, with readings from philosophy, the relevant sciences, and science fiction. W. Wimsatt. Spring. (III)

23700. Phenomenology. This course is meant to be an introduction to phenomenology through careful readings of selected works by Husserl and Heidegger. We take a brief look at its breakthrough in the epistemological program outlined in Husserl's Logical Investigations (1900/01) and its subsequent interpretation in terms of transcendental idealism in the first book of the Ideas (1913) before turning to consider in some depth Heidegger's 'ontological' appropriation of Husserlian phenomenology in Being and Time (1927). The thematic foci of the course include: (1) intentionality as the basic structure of the mind; (2) the overcoming of the epistemological tradition and phenomenological critique of the conception of human being presupposed by modern accounts of knowledge; and (3) the turn toward 'existential' themes in Heidegger's phenomenological ontology (the temporal structure of the self, care, conscience, death, historical experience and interpretation, authenticity, and individuation, to name just a few). J. Reid. Spring. (III)

27000. History of Philosophy III: Kant and the Nineteenth Century (=PLSC 26600). PQ: Completion of the general education requirement in humanities. This course studies a number of important philosophers of the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Kant, Bentham, Hegel, Marx, Mill, Nietzsche, and others may be read. C. Larmore. Spring.

29200-1,-2. Junior Tutorial I, II. PQ: Open only to third-year students who have been admitted to the intensive concentration program. Staff. Winter, Spring.

29300-1,-2. Senior Tutorial I, II. PQ: Open only to fourth-year students who have been admitted to the intensive concentration program. Staff. Winter, Spring.

29700. Reading Course. PQ: Consent of instructor and director of undergraduate studies. Students are required to submit the College Reading and Research Course Form. Staff. Autumn, Winter, Spring.

29900. The Senior Essay II. PQ: Consent of faculty adviser and director of undergraduate studies. Students are required to submit the College Reading and Research Course Form. NOTE: Students may not register for both Philos 298 and 299 in the same quarter. Students who are writing a senior essay must register for this course in either the winter or the spring quarter of the senior year (and for Philos 298 in either the autumn or the winter quarter of the senior year). Staff. Winter, Spring.

30300. Scientific and Technological Change (=CHSS 42300, HIPS 203). We study scientific and technological change at bothmacroscopic levels (e.g., community-wide paradigm shifts) and microscopiclevels (e.g., problem solving of individual scientists) using views of suchwriters as Kuhn, Campbell, Hull, Lakatos, Lauden, and Simon and selected otherpsychological and sociological writings. We take a particularly close look atcurrent theories of cultural evolution, Students work together in groups andreport on particular current or historical case studies to analyze thesimilarities and differences in the causes, character, and processes ofchange in science and technology, and the methods necessary to study them.W. Wimsatt. Spring. (II)

31200. Moral Perfectionism (=DV PR 302, RLST 24000). This course examines the relativelyneglected tradition of Moral Perfectionism. This tradition is contrasted with the threecompeting strains of modern moral theory (Utilitarianism, Kantianism, and Social Contract Theory),and its sources are traced in both a number of classical philosophical writings and in thefabric of everyday moral discourse as exhibited in certain works of literature and film.Strands of moral argument and examples of moral conversation are therefore drawn from philosophicaland literary texts as well as from a series of films---largely Hollywood comedies and melodramas ofthe 1930s and 1940s. S. Cavell. Autumn, Winter, Spring. (I)

31500. Human Rights/Philos Foundations (=GS HUM 28600/38600, HUMRTS 204/304, HIST19300 INTREL 312, MAPH 420, POLSCI 326). This course deals with the philosophicalfoundations of human rights. The foundations bear on basic conceptual and normative issues: the various meanings and components of human rights and the subjects, objects, and respondents of human rights; who has the rights, what they are rights to, who has the correlative duties, what methods of argument and implementation are available in this area, and so forth. The practical implications of these theoretical issues will also be explored. A. Gewirth. Spring. (I)

33000-33100. Hegel's Phenomenology I, II (=SCTH 38001-38002). PQ: Must be takenin sequence. We read and discuss Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit. R. Pippin. Winter, Spring. (III)

34200. Early Analytic Philosophy-II: Early Wittgenstein. This is the second part of a two-part sequence. Only students who have enrolled in Part I may take this course for credit. Part II furnishes an overview of the philosophy of the early Wittgenstein, with special attention to the critique of Frege and Russell, the structure and the method of the Tractatus as a whole, its relation to the writings of the members of The Vienna Circle, the central exegetical controversies presently surrounding the work, and the transition from the Tractatus to Wittgenstein's later work. Secondary reading includes articles by Moritz Schlick, Frank Ramsey, Rudolf Carnap, Hide Ishiguro, Cora Diamond, Peter Winch, Thomas Ricketts, Peter Hacker, Peter Geach, and Elizabeth Anscombe, among others. J. Conant. Spring. (III)

34800. Foucault and the History of Sexuality(=HiPS 243, CHSS 41900). PQ: One prior philosophy course or consent of instructor. This course centers on a close reading of the first volume of Michel Foucault's The History of Sexuality, with some attention to his writings on the history of ancient conceptualizations of sex. How should a history of sexuality take into account scientific theories, social relations of power, and different experiences of the self? We discuss the contrasting descriptions and conceptions of sexual behavior before and after the emergence of a science of sexuality. Other writers influenced by and critical of Foucault are also discussed. A. Davidson. Autumn. (III) 34900. The "I am" in Descartes and Contemporary Thought (=DVPR 349, RLST 238, SCTH 40400). This course considers the most important models of interpretation of the "ego sum, ego existo,"the transcendental interpretation of subjectivity and its criticism of Descartes (Kant, Nietzsche, Husserl, Heidegger), and the possibility of a non-transcendental subjectivity. J. L. Marion. Spring. (III)

41200. Contemporary Theories of Justice (=PLSC 48200, LAW XXX). This course focuses on four contemporary classics---Rawls' A Theory of Justice, Nozick's Anarchy, State, and Utopia, Walzer's Spheres of Justice, and Sen's Inequality Re-examined. C. Larmore. Spring.

41800. Philosophy and Literature. PQ: at least one upper-division or graduate course in literary theory, ethics, or political philosophy. Undergraduates require permission from the instructor to register. Contemporary scholars and theorists of literature are becoming increasingly interested in traditional philosophical questions about ethics, agency, and value. They are joined on the other side of a traditional disciplinary divide by contemporary Anglo-North American philosophers who turn to literature in their work on some of these same questions. In this course, we read and discuss several works of literature (predominantly works of fiction), and both philosophical and literary treatments of those works. We are aided in our efforts by distinguished guest faculty with ongoing interest in the intersections of philosophy and literature. C. Vogler. Spring.

49700. Preliminary Essay Seminar. J. Haugeland. Autumn, Winter, Spring.

49900. Reading and Research. Staff. Autumn, Winter, Spring.

50100. First-Year Seminar. D. Finkelstein. Autumn, Winter, Spring.

50300. Seminar on Important Things (=CHSS 41800, HIST 57700) This seminar meets bi-weekly throughout the year. Each quarter we discuss a book or coherent group of articles from the recent literature in the history and philosphy of science, reflecting both current interest in the field and particular concerns of participating students. D. Garber, R. Richards. Autumn, Winter, Spring.

51400. Political Philosophy: Locke and Rousseau. The seminar looks closely at Locke's Second Treatise of Government, and "A Letter Concerning Toleration," and at Rousseau's First and Second Discourses and On the Social Contract. Selections from other works (e.g., Locke's The Reasonableness of Christianity, Rousseau's Emile and The Government of Poland) may also be read. D. Brudney. Spring. (I)

51700. Contemporary Philosophy of Art. Description not yet available. T. Cohen. Spring.

53100. Perceptual Experience & Knowledge. In his Dewey Lectures (reprinted as part of The Threefold Cord), Hilary Putnam writes: "[I]n contemporary cognitive science...it is the fashion to hypothesize the existence of 'representations' in the cerebral computer. If one assumes that the mind is an organ, and one goes on to identify the mind with the brain, it will then become irresistible to (1) think of some of the 'representations' as analogous to the classical theorist's 'impressions' (the cerebral computer, or mind, makes inferences from at least some of the 'representations,' the outputs of the perceptual processes, just as the mind makes inferences from impressions, on the classical story), and (2) to think that those 'representations' are linked to objects in the organism's environment only causally, and not cognitively (just as impressions were linked to 'external objects' only causally, and not cognitively)." Here, Putnam--much influenced by John McDowell--means to be stating a problem with (among other things) the picture of perception set out by Jerry Fodor in his influential monograph The Modularity of Mind. Our course may be viewed as an extended attempt to come to grips with this passage from Putnam. Doing so will require that we situate it in a conversation between McDowell, Putnam, and Fodor--a conversation that ranges over such topics as: the relation between belief fixation and perceptual experience, the personal/subpersonal distinction, and the relevance of skepticism to the philosophy of psychology. We'll read and discuss McDowell's Mind and World, Putnam's Dewey Lectures, and Fodor's The Modularity of Mind. In addition, we'll look at a number of shorter pieces, among them: Fodor's review of Mind and World, McDowell's "The Content of Perceptual Experience," and Chapters 9 and 10 of Jennifer Hornsby's Simple Mindedness. D. Finkelstein. Spring. (III)

53800. Workshop: Philosophy and Religion. Speak with the instructor to register for credit. Meets even weeks of the Winter and Spring 2002 quarters. First meeting on Tuesday, January 8 at 7:30 PM in Cobb 202. The first book we will discuss is Langdon Gilkey, Blue Twighlight: Nature, Creationism, And American Religion. Copies are available at the Seminary Coop. Mladen Turk will lead the discussion. D. Garber. Winter, Spring.

53900. Workshop on Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations. PQ: Consent of Instructor(s). The workshop will be devoted to a careful reading of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations. (May be taken for credit.) J. Conant, L. Linsky. Autumn, Winter, Spring. (III)

54300. Advanced Topics in the Philosophy of Mind. Semantic naturalism, the doctrine that facts about the contents of our thoughts and beliefs reduce to physical facts about our brains, is the guiding principle of much current work on mental content. In the first half of this course, we will examine in detail the three most thoroughgoing and influential versions of semantic naturalism, due respectively to Fodor, Dretske and Millikan. In the second half, we will address questions about the semantic naturalist's project more generally, taking it as a test case for the 'naturalism' that dominates contemporary American philosophy of mind. What motivates the project, and is that motivation one we should endorse? What is the notion of reduction at stake, and can it be differentiated from traditional ideas of 'conceptual analysis'? Some critics, notably McDowell and Davidson, suggest we have reason for doubting that the semantic naturalist's project--indeed, that any project in the philosophy of mind with comparable reductive ambitions--will be possible to execute. Is their pessimism well founded? J. Bridges. Spring.

54700. The "End of Metaphysics." (=DIV XXX; SCTH 40600). In this course we discuss the origin of this theme, its range and its propositions. Does it mean the impossibility of philosophy as well as metaphysics? What exception of metaphysics is admitted? Does it imply a closure of metaphysics and/or an opening of new possibilities for philosophy? Special attention is paid to Nietzsche, Husserl, Heidegger, and Carnap. A list of the readings will follow later. J. L. Marion. Spring. (III)

54800. Aristotle's Physics and Metaphysics. A survey of some central themes and problems in Aristotle's physics and metaphysics, including natural substance and natural science, causality and teleology, form and essence, 'first philosophy' and God. R. Barney. Spring. (III)

56900. Leibniz. This course meets on alternate weeks for twenty weeks. This seminar focuses on understanding the thought of G.W. Leibniz in the historical context of other philosophical and scientific ideas. Topics discussed, among others, may include the nature of substance, the relation between the world of monads and the physical world of bodies, Leibniz's theories of necessity, contingency and freedom, Leibniz's theory of relations, Leibniz's program for logic and formal languages, Leibniz's physics and his version of the calculus, depending on the interest of the students and the professor. D. Garber. Winter, Spring.

58600. Workshop: Continental Philosophy.A bi-weekly forum for graduate students to present current work in Continental Philosophy. Staff. Autumn, Winter, Spring.

59900. Contemporary Philosophy Workshop. A bi-weeklyforum for graduate students to present current work inContemporary Philosophy. C. Vogler. Autumn, Winter, Spring.